Vegetable gardening weed control can be effective with time and energy. Start weeding your garden early and regularly throughout the season. Keep the area around your vegetables clear of weeds so they are not competing for the nutrients from the soil.
Tips for Vegetable Gardening Weed Control
Here are some vegetable gardening weed control strategies to reduce the number of weed seeds in your vegetable garden.
Hoe the top inch of soil. Hoeing when weeds are small and then letting the weeds dry in the sun will prevent them from growing to maturity.
You will kill annual weeds by slicing or scraping (do not chop) the soil with a stirup hoe. This is one of my favorite tools . Keep your blade sharp in order to keep your plants and soil free of damage and disease.
Perennial weeds are a bit tougher and their roots will need to be dug up to prevent them from growing again.
Once the soil has warmed up in the spring mulch around your young vegetables. This will deprive weeds of sunlight so they will not grow.
Grow cover crops
Cover crops are certain types of grain or vegetables such as winter rye, vetch or field peas that are usually planted in the fall. They are used to enrich the garden soil, suppress weeds and prevent soil erosion. Learn more about growing cover crops, also known as green manures
Plant a windbreak
If your garden site borders a wooded area or wild meadow use a windbreak of shrubs to filter out weeds seeds that are carried by the wind.
Putting some type of edging between your garden and grassy areas will prevent the grass from crossing over. Plastic edging (bought at garden centers), wood or metal can be used to keep grass out of your vegetable beds. Keep the grassy areas cut so the grass seeds do not spread into the garden.
Do not bring in weed problems
We often bring in weed seeds from other areas without realizing it. When shopping for hay or straw mulch, make sure you ask if it is weed free. If is is not weed free, you will quickly have hay growing in your beds – making more work for yourself.
Make sure when bringing in animal manure it is well composted; if not it will probably carry weed seeds into your garden beds.
Do not compost weeds that have gone to seed or you may be spreading weed seeds while spreading compost on your garden bed.
In vegetable gardening weed control it is best to remove weeds before they go to seed. This way they cannot send their seed all over your garden. If you are like most of us and do not get to weeding in time, place weeds with seeds into a garbage bag right after pulling them so as not to spread any of the seeds. Do not compost weeds that have gone to seed because they may not be killed in the process and will then be spread when you put the compost on your beds.
Water The Plant, Not The Weed
Another arsenal to control weed is to deny the primary ingredient needed for its growth, and that is water. Mulching helps the plant to deprive of sunlight, and you can take it further and deny it much needed rain. You can achieve this objective in several different ways.
You can start with the drip irrigation system that facilitates targeted irrigation. It’s the most effective way to water your plants and not let weed to take any share of it. You may place a drip or soaker hose around your plant or under the mulch to water your plants.
The contained irrigation prevents the water from moving to the surrounding areas and hinders weed growth. When you’re placing these drip hose, be aware of the weeds likely surrounding your plants.
As weeds with more profound and more prolonged roots, it may still be able to reach under the ground in search of water.
Pouring hot water on the weed kills the delicate tissues of the plant. It causes the grass to die in a day or two. It’s handy and works on most types of weed, but you have to be careful with this technique.
Be vigilant when pouring boiling water and make sure you don’t spill it to the surrounding plant or grass that you want to keep.
It’s convenient and most useful for controlling weed growth on a sidewalk or driveway. Since those sites have less risk of damaging other plants.
If you’re using compost, then sometimes you may still have weed seeds in it that may not get destroyed and can grow further. When you spread compost in the lawn and sprinkle water on it, the weed seeds start germinating.
You should avoid planting right after composting. You can wait a week or two before you start planting. This gives the weed seeds enough time to start growing that you can then remove it physically.
There are 3 types of weeds:
- Live only one season.
- Produce thousands of seeds.
- Control by pulling or hoeing them before they flower.
- Some examples are mustard, pigweed, purslane, ragweed.
- They grow the first year and then flower and produce seeds the next year.
- Control by removing the plant the first year or before they flower in the second year.
- One example is queen anne’s lace.
- Live for years.
- Have deep roots, often creeping roots.
- To control dig carefully removing as much of the root as possible.
- Examples are dandelion, thistle, bindweed, dock, ground ivy, plantain, wild sorrel, and grasses like crabgrass and quack grass.
The best approach in vegetable gardening weed control is to start early and take time to weed regularly. Take time every few days to do an area of your garden so it does not seem like too daunting of a job.
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